less of gender or age, you can find many true or false sources on the internet about acne, a skin condition that almost every person experiences at some point in their life. Let's reveal what is right and wrong about acne in the light of data obtained from scientific research. Here are the scientific facts about acne that you should know.
1) ACNE IS A SKIN DISEASE EXPERIENCED ONLY DURING ADOLESCENCE.
As we mentioned in the introduction, acne can be seen in every person and at any age. Acne, which is seen as a skin condition experienced in adolescence as a general belief in society, can be seen not only in certain periods, but also in every moment of life.
According to a study conducted by the British Association of Dermatologists in 2012 (1), it was stated that while 64% of individuals in their 20s have acne problems, the rate of those who still have acne on their skin in their 30s is 43%.
In the light of these scientific data, it is seen that acne is a problem not only for adolescents, but also for individuals of all ages.
2) ACNE OCCURS ONLY ON OILY SKIN.
Another common misconception about acne is that oily skin is the only skin type where acne is seen. In reality, acne can be seen in every individual and at any age, as well as in all different skin types.
Considering acne and skin types, the healthiest interpretation that can be made is that the likelihood of acne problems in some skin types is less or more than others. for example, the probability of individuals with dry skin to experience acne problems; lower than those with combination, oily or acne-prone skin. However, this probability is never zero.
3) DIET CAN AFFECT THE ACNE PROBLEM.
Although acne is one of the most curious and researched topics, there are many contradictory information about the diet or irregularity of the acne problem. Especially in the last 10 years, studies have been conducted that reveal that different diets directly or indirectly affect the acne problem.
According to an article published in the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics in 2014 (2), in a study conducted with young people between the ages of 18 and 25 and following the acne problem, it was stated that there was a relationship between different diets and diets and the development of acne. In the study, it was determined that excessive consumption of foods with a high glycemic index increased the problem of acne.
4) ACNE IS A SKIN DISEASE.
Acne, in its simplest definition; It is a skin condition that occurs when hair follicles are clogged with oil and dead skin cells. Acne on the face is probably the most common because it is very uncomfortable, but it can also appear on the shoulders, back, neck and chest.
Although it is said in some sources that the problem of acne arises because the skin is not cleaned and remains dirty, there is no scientific study to support this belief. However, at this point, it would not be wrong to say that cleaning the skin by removing dirt and performing these procedures with the right products in accordance with the skin type is one of the factors that indirectly reduce the formation of acne, even if not directly.
For detailed information, What is Acne? You can read our content.
5) THERE IS NO CURE FOR ACNE.
Before proceeding to the analysis of the information given, it is worth noting that; The most effective anti-acne method is undoubtedly to determine and apply the skin care routine and other correct methods that can prevent acne formation. It is to “cure” acne before it ever occurs, if there is an opportunity.
Let's talk about how to get rid of acne or how to treat it as it is curious. Acne, or acne, in other words, can be reduced with an expert approach and the right products, and even prevented from becoming a problem for the skin. The most important thing in this regard, as we mentioned above, is a correct care routine and, if necessary, the treatments to be followed with doctors who are experts in the subject.
6) THE FORMATION OF ACNE OCCURS DUE TO A SINGLE REASON.
Acne does not occur in a single age range or gender, nor is it seen due to a single reason. Many factors affect the formation of acne, from genetic predisposition to diet, from environmental (external) factors to stress. Although it is known that the most important cause of acne formation is the abnormal functioning of the sebaceous glands and the production of excess sebum, there may be various factors directly affecting this malfunction in the sebaceous glands.
For detailed information, you can read our content titled Factors Causing Acne.
7) EXTERNAL FACTORS CAN INCREASE THE FORMATION OF ACNE.
It is possible to say that heredity, hormones and environmental factors are among the factors that determine the severity of acne formation on the skin. Stress level, diet, use of cosmetic products, exercise and skin care routines can also be counted as other factors affecting acne formation.
All external factors that may cause a decrease in the moisture content of the skin can increase the formation of acne as they will cause more oil production.
8) THERE ARE MULTIPLE TYPES OF ACNE.
We can divide pimples into 6 according to their formation.
Whitehead (Closed comedones): These are the bubbles that occur due to the inability of sebum and dead skin cells produced above the required level to come out of the clogged pores.
Blackhead (Open comedone): If we were to express the formation of acne as a process, it could be defined as the initial state of acne. They are open on the skin surface and can be easily seen. As their name suggests, they are black and are at the top of the list of things that should never be bored.
Papules and pustules: In case of clogging of the pores on the skin surface, a proliferation of P.acnes bacteria is seen in the channels and as a result of this proliferation, the bacteria cause inflammation under the skin. These inflammations appear as swellings on the skin surface.
Papules are other painful swellings with tenderness brought on by inflammation. It is also hard and pink/red in color.
Pustules, on the other hand, are firm swellings that can be clearly seen on the surface of the skin, with red bases, white-yellow centers and usually filled with inflammation.
Nodules and cysts: Larger and more swollen compared to other types of acne; are inflamed, painful and hard swellings. These are deeper and more severe acne that should be treated by a dermatologist.
Puberty acne: As the name suggests, it is a type of acne that is frequently seen in adolescence and manifests itself mostly in the face area.
Adult acne: It is the type of acne seen after the age of 30 due to factors such as hormonal disorders or stress.
9) CONSTANTLY WASHING THE FACE, CLEARING ACNE AND ACNE SPOTS.
Washing the skin unconsciously and continuously with different products also causes the skin to be purified from its natural oils. Dehydrated skin begins to produce more sebum than necessary, which invites acne formation. While clear skin is essential for preventing acne breakouts, overdoing it can make things worse. For this reason, morning and evening skin cleansing routine should not be disturbed, and then an oil-free and water-based moisturizer should be used.
10) FOODS LIKE CHOCOLATE, CHIPS AND PIZZA CAUSE ACNE.
There is no conclusive evidence that a poor diet causes acne. However, making sure to consume healthy foods and drink enough water, avoid processed foods, reduce saturated fat consumption, will indirectly benefit the skin.
11) SUN RAYS CAN REDUCE ACNE BREAKOUTS.
It is true that the sun's rays dry the sebum that causes acne and thus prevent the formation of acne. In this direction, it is also thought that tanning can temporarily camouflage the spots on the skin. However, sun rays dry the skin and increase the amount of dead skin cells. This can lead to clogging of the pores, and the formation of acne becomes inevitable. In addition, the sun's rays can also cause existing acne scars to darken and enlarge. For this reason, it is very important to use sunscreen or an oil-free moisturizer with SPF during sun exposure.
Some of the measures to be taken to protect from harmful rays from the sun are as follows;
To learn the interaction of the acne medication used with the sun and to take precautions if necessary.
If you have sensitive skin, avoid sunlight as much as possible.
Using a wide-brimmed hat to protect the face and neck when outdoors.
Prefer clothes made of natural fabrics that are soft and breathable to the skin when going out in the sun.
Consult a dermatologist to obtain the most suitable sunscreen for your skin type.