Acne is a common skin condition. Although it is more common in young people, it is a problem that people of all ages can encounter. Pimples are most commonly seen on the face, back and neck. When acne regresses or bursts, it may leave scars or spots on the skin. These spots can be quite negative both in terms of health and appearance. There are medical treatments that can be applied after consultation with dermatologists to prevent acne from turning into a blemish after it is popped. Thanks to these drugs and treatments, acne scars can completely disappear. The methods that will make the skin healthier and save the skin from scars and spots are as follows.
COMPONENTS FOUND IN PLANTS AND FOODS
Experts in the field of skin can easily make anti-spot drugs with some materials.
Salicylic acid is one of them. Salicylic acid is a naturally derived ingredient used in acne-related skin care products. It helps to remove sebum, dirt, dead skin cells, make-up residues and other residues that cause acne from the pores of the skin. In addition, it also helps to minimize the swelling and redness of the area after acne. This prevents the acne from becoming inflamed and turning into a wound. It is a content that people who constantly experience acne problems should use in their daily skin care. Salicylic acid may cause sensitivity or dryness in some people.
Retinoid is another name for vitamin A. Retinoids are substances that are used locally and inhibit inflammation. They reduce acne scars and accelerate cell regeneration. This substance, which can be used on all skin types, can completely remove acne scars. However, retinoids can make the skin more sensitive to the sun. Anyone who treats wounds or spots with retinoids should use sunscreen when going out.
Alpha hydroxy acids help get rid of dead skin cells and clear clogged pores. These acids act exfoliating, stripping the outer layer of the skin and helping to reveal the new skin underneath. Thus, it reduces the discoloration caused by post-acne scars.
Lactic acid is one of the best ingredients for exfoliating the skin. It reduces the appearance of post-acne scars and helps to improve the overall texture of the skin. In addition to these, dark color also helps to lighten the colors of other types of stains and scars. Many products on the market used to treat acne contain lactic acid.
These components, which are naturally found in many fruits and vegetables in nature, require high technology to be able to be absorbed from the skin at certain rates by undergoing clinical tests in order to be beneficial for acne scars, and these components are only developed in clinical laboratories. For this reason, instead of applying natural products directly to your skin, you should prefer dermocosmetically formulated products.
IDEAL TREATMENT METHOD FOR ACNE SCARS
Different applications, chemical or physical, are preferred in acne scar treatments. Components that increase collagen production by showing a peeling effect in the removal of acne scars and thus help skin regeneration form the basis of chemical treatment. Local treatments containing antioxidants such as vitamins C and E, retinoids, hydroquinone and azelaic acid, which restore the skin's radiance and regenerate skin cells and improve tissue, are very effective in acne scars.
Physical treatments include laser treatments, dermaroller, dermabrasion, needle radiofrequency methods. The purpose of all these is to create controlled scars on the skin surface and to allow acne scars to be passed. Information about these methods can be obtained from dermatologists.
THE TYPE OF ACNE SCAR MUST BE KNOWN FOR TREATMENT!
There are 4 types of acne scars.
The first type is “ice pick” – pit marks. These are small, narrow and deep acne scars that penetrate deep into the skin. They form a "V" shape. They develop when acne advances to the surface and destroys skin tissue, leaving a cylindrical, column-like scar.
The second type of track is "rolling" - that is, wavy tracks. They have a wave-like appearance and have a wide, shallow depth. These scars develop when tissue develops between the epidermis and the hypodermis, the innermost layer of the skin, and come together to form their wavy appearance. In other words, they are caused by the upper layer of the skin being pulled inward by the lower layers.
The third type of track is the track called "boxcar". The reason for giving this name is that the scars are formed by round or oval shaped, successive tracks in the form of a crater. They can cause tissue loss and damage the skin more than other types of scars.
The fourth type of scar is “hypertrophic” scars. These are raised scars. They are caused by the skin not realizing that the wound is healing and producing extra collagen.
If it is not known exactly which type of acne scar she has, a dermatologist should be consulted and a treatment method suitable for the type of scar should be applied.
HOW CAN ACNE SCARS BE PREVENTED?
Preventing acne scars before they form is best for both skin health and appearance. The best way to achieve this is to take action and intervene when the acne is just starting to break out. In order to do this, the best first step is to treat acne at home with pre-purchased products. The most important ingredient that these products should contain is salicylic acid. If acne still continues to grow after applying these products, a dermatologist should be consulted and prescription drugs should be consulted. In addition to these drugs, products that will clean the pores, prevent the increase of bacteria and reduce inflammation can also be used. Before using these products, it is necessary to consult a dermatologist. Other drugs that can be used in the treatment are: Topical retinoids, topical antibiotics, azelaic acid, antibiotic tablets, combined oral contraceptive pills for women, isotretinoin tablets. Pregnant and lactating women should not use it, as isotretinoin tablets can have serious side effects.